Suppressive effects of entecavir on hepatitis B virus and hepatocellular carcinoma

Young-Joo Jin, Ju Hyun Shim, Han Chu Lee, Dong-Jun Yoo, Kang Mo Kim, Young-Suk Lim, Dong Jin Suh
Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology 2011, 26 (9): 1380-8

BACKGROUND AND AIM: We investigated the efficacy and effectiveness of entecavir in hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients.

METHODS: We enrolled 231 nucleoside-naïve chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients primarily treated with entecavir 0.5 mg/day for at least 6 months in our institution. Of these, 71 patients had HCC at the start of entecavir treatment (HCC group) and 160 did not (non-HCC group). We compared antiviral responses to entecavir in the two groups, and evaluated the effects of entecavir on the clinical outcomes of curatively-treated HCC patients.

RESULTS: The HCC and non-HCC groups had similar cumulative rates of HBV-DNA negativity, alanine aminotransferase normalization, and hepatitis e antigen loss in year 2 (100% vs 95.4%, 94.7% vs 97.3%, and 40.8% vs 41.8%, respectively; P > 0.05). Entecavir treatment for 12 months decreased mean Model for End-Stage Liver Disease scores in patients with cirrhosis and HCC (7.2 vs 5.6, P < 0.001). Of the 71 HCC patients, 16 underwent curative therapies concurrently with entecavir; hepatectomy in six and radiofrequency ablation in 10, and the 55 remaining patients received transarterial chemoembolization or conservative treatment. In a subgroup of 16 HCC patients receiving curative treatments, patients who became serum HBV DNA negative by week 24 had better overall survival (P = 0.039), but not recurrence-free survival (P = 0.961), than those who did not.

CONCLUSIONS: First-line entecavir monotherapy is comparably effective in CHB patients with and without HCC, and improves hepatic function in HBV-related HCC patients. An early virological response to entecavir is prognostic of improved survival following curative therapy against HBV-related HCC.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"