Yukmijihwang-tang inhibits receptor activator for nuclear Factor-κB ligand-induced osteoclast differentiation

Ki-Shuk Shim, Choong Je Ma, Dong-Seon Kim, Jin Yeul Ma
Journal of Medicinal Food 2011, 14 (11): 1439-47
Yukmijihwang-tang (YMT) is a traditional herbal medicine known to enhance memory in brain injury models. The aims of this study were to evaluate the inhibitory effect of YMT on osteoclast differentiation and to determine its molecular mechanism of action. YMT dose-dependently inhibited receptor activator for nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) ligand (RANKL)-induced tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) activity and the formation of multinucleated osteoclasts in RAW264.7 cells. In addition, quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction showed that YMT significantly decreased RANKL-induced expression of osteoclast differentiation-specific genes (TRAP, matrix metalloproteinase-9, cathepsin K, and the d2 isoform of vacuolar ATPase V(0) domain). Furthermore, YMT inhibited RANKL-induced phosphorylation of mitogen-activated protein kinases (extracellular signal-regulated kinase, c-Jun N-terminal kinase, and p38), phosphorylation of I-κBα, phosphorylation of NF-κB p65, and the expression of transcription factors Fra-2 and nuclear factor of activated T-cells, cytoplasmic 1. Furthermore, YMT inhibited the bone-resorptive activity of differentiated osteoclasts, suggesting that YMT inhibits osteoclast differentiation by suppressing RANKL-induced signaling molecules and transcription factors that affect the regulation of genes for osteoclast differentiation. As such, YMT may have therapeutic potential in bone diseases.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"