JOURNAL ARTICLE

Molecular characterisation of multiple drug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii isolates in southern Taiwan

Ren-Jy Ben, Ming-Chang Yang, Jui-Chen Hsueh, Jeng-Chuan Shiang, Shang-Tao Chien
International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents 2011, 38 (5): 403-8
21871784
The purpose of this study was to develop a multiplex polymerase chain reaction (mt-PCR) assay for synchronous detection of carbapenem resistance genes and/or pandrug resistance genes in clinical isolates of multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (MDR-AB) and to investigate the association between the genetic make-up and a drug-resistant pattern. In total, 213 MDR-AB isolates were collected. All clinical isolates underwent antimicrobial susceptibility testing and were analysed for the presence of oxacillinase genes (bla(OXA-23), bla(OXA-24), bla(OXA-51)-like and bla(OXA-58)), class A and C β-lactamase genes (bla(TEM-1) and bla(AmpC), respectively), and an integron-associated antibiotic resistance gene (int1) by an in-house-designed mt-PCR assay. Of the 213 isolates, 73.87% harboured both bla(TEM-1) and bla(AmpC) and 83.92% carried at least three oxacillinase genes. Moreover, 64.82% of the isolates were significant in that they had two β-lactamase genes and three oxacillinase genes (P<0.001), indicating the complexity of the genetic make-up of carbapenem-resistant A. baumannii. The bla(OXA-51)-like allele was detected in the majority of these A. baumannii isolates (97.49%), whereas bla(OXA-23) was rarely prevalent in these isolates. In multivariate logistic regression, the presence of bla(OXA-23) and bla(TEM-1) had a statistically significant association with imipenem resistance [bla(OXA-23), P=0.004, odds ratio (OR)=10.52, 95% confidence interval (CI) 2.12-52.17; bla(TEM-1), P=0.005, OR=6.14, 95% CI 1.74-21.62]. These results suggest that detecting bla(OXA-23) and bla(TEM-1) genes could be used to predict imipenem resistance in MDR-AB isolates. A mt-PCR for detecting carbapenem resistance genes and pandrug resistance genes of A. baumannii isolates was developed to provide an assay to quickly screen for potential imipenem-resistant A. baumannii in the clinic.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
21871784
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"