Pre-ovulatory LH/hCG surge decreases C-type natriuretic peptide secretion by ovarian granulosa cells to promote meiotic resumption of pre-ovulatory oocytes

Kazuhiro Kawamura, Yuan Cheng, Nanami Kawamura, Seido Takae, Aya Okada, Yuta Kawagoe, Sabine Mulders, Yukihiro Terada, Aaron J W Hsueh
Human Reproduction 2011, 26 (11): 3094-101

BACKGROUND: In mammalian follicles, oocytes are arrested at the diplotene stage of prophase I until meiotic resumption following the LH surge. Recently, C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP), encoded by natriuretic peptide precursor type C (NPPC) was found to suppress mouse oocyte maturation by promoting cyclic guanosine 5'-monophospate (cGMP) production in cumulus cells. However, regulation of NPPC/CNP expression during the pre-ovulatory period and their regulation by the LH surge have not been investigated.

METHODS AND RESULTS: Based on genome-wide analysis of DNA microarray data sets using samples from periovulatory ovaries, we found increases in NPPC transcripts in granulosa cells during pre-ovulatory follicle growth in mice and a rapid decline induced by the pre-ovulatory LH/hCG stimulation. Treatment of pre-ovulatory animals with hCG decreased ovarian CNP content. In isolated ovarian cells, NPPC mRNA was predominantly expressed in mural granulosa cells exhibiting similar regulation following gonadotrophin treatment. In cultured mouse pre-ovulatory follicles, meiosis resumption in oocytes by hCG treatment was accompanied by decreases in NPPC transcript levels. In cultured mouse cumulus cell-oocyte complexes, CNP treatment inhibited the resumption of meiosis with increases in cGMP levels in both cumulus cells and oocytes. In human ovaries, CNP levels in ovarian follicular fluid were also decreased following treatment of patients with an ovulatory dose of hCG.

CONCLUSIONS: Our findings demonstrate gonadotrophins regulation of NPPC/CNP expression in mouse and human ovaries and confirm the role of CNP as a potent paracrine oocyte maturation inhibitor.

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