Serum sex hormone-binding globulin levels are independently associated with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in people with type 2 diabetes

Jang Yel Shin, Soo-Ki Kim, Mi Young Lee, Hyun Soo Kim, Byung Il Ye, Young Goo Shin, Soon Koo Baik, Choon Hee Chung
Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice 2011, 94 (1): 156-62

AIM: To clarify the association between serum sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) levels and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in patients with type 2 diabetes.

METHODS: Two hundred seventy nine patients with type 2 diabetes were consecutively enrolled and metabolic parameters were checked. High-grade NAFLD was defined as moderate or severe fatty liver disease, measured using liver ultrasound. SHBG, testosterone, and estradiol levels were measured.

RESULTS: SHBG levels were lower in patients with high-grade NAFLD than in those with normal ultrasound and decreased significantly based on the severity of fatty liver disease. SHBG levels were negatively correlated with hypertension, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, high-grade NAFLD, triglycerides, alanine aminotransferase (ALT), γ-glutamyltransferase (γGT), homeostasis model assessment-estimated insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), and C-reactive protein (CRP) and were positively correlated with testosterone and estradiol levels. The odds ratios (ORs) predicting the presence of high-grade NAFLD in men and women decreased significantly with increasing SHBG tertile. The ORs remained significant even after further adjusting for BMI, waist circumference, hypertension, triglycerides, γGT, ALT, CRP, HOMA-IR, testosterone, estradiol, and anti-diabetic medications.

CONCLUSIONS: Serum SHBG levels were independently associated with the high-grade NAFLD in patients with type 2 diabetes.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"