EW-7195, a novel inhibitor of ALK5 kinase inhibits EMT and breast cancer metastasis to lung

Chul-Yong Park, Jee-Yeon Son, Cheng Hua Jin, Jeong-Suk Nam, Dae-Kee Kim, Yhun Yhong Sheen
European Journal of Cancer 2011, 47 (17): 2642-53
Recently, researchers are actively pursuing efforts to develop potent and selective ALK5 (TβRI) kinase inhibitors for clinical development. In this study, the authors examined a novel small molecule inhibitor of ALK5, 3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)benzonitrile (EW-7195) to determine if it has potential for cancer treatment. The inhibitory effects of EW-7195 on TGF-β-induced Smad signaling and epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) were investigated in mammary epithelial cells using luciferase reporter assays, immunoblotting, confocal microscopy and wound healing assays. In addition, the suppressive effects of EW-7195 on mammary cancer metastasis to lung were examined using a Balb/c xenograft and MMTV/cNeu transgenic mice model system. The novel ALK5 inhibitor, EW-7195, inhibited the TGF-β(1)-stimulated transcriptional activations of p3TP-Lux and pCAGA(12)-Luc. In addition, EW-7195 decreased phosphorylated Smad2 levels and the nuclear translocation of Smad2 increased by TGF-β(1). In addition, EW-7195 inhibited TGF-β(1)-induced EMT and wound healing of NMuMG cells. Furthermore, in xenografted Balb/c and MMTV/cNeu mice, EW-7195 inhibited metastasis to lung from breast tumours. The novel ALK5 inhibitor, EW-7195, efficiently inhibited TGF-β(1)-induced Smad signaling, EMT and breast tumour metastasis to the lung in vivo, demonstrating that EW-7195 has therapeutic potential for the breast cancer metastasis to the lung.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"