JOURNAL ARTICLE

Impact of the ventilator bundle on ventilator-associated pneumonia in intensive care unit

Monika Pogorzelska, Patricia W Stone, E Yoko Furuya, Eli N Perencevich, Elaine L Larson, Donald Goldmann, Andrew Dick
International Journal for Quality in Health Care 2011, 23 (5): 538-44
21821603

OBJECTIVE: The ventilator bundle is being promoted to prevent adverse events in ventilated patients including ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). We aimed to: (i) examine adoption of the ventilator bundle elements; (ii) determine effectiveness of individual elements and setting characteristics in reducing VAP; (iii) determine effectiveness of two infection-specific elements on reducing VAP; and, (iv) assess crossover effects of complying with VAP elements on central line-associated bloodstream infections.

DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey.

SETTING: Four hundred and fifteen ICUs from 250 US hospitals.

PARTICIPANTS: Managers/directors of infection prevention and control departments.

INTERVENTIONS: Adoption and compliance with ventilator bundle elements.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: VAP rates.

RESULTS: The mean VAP rate was 2.7/1000 ventilator days. Two-thirds (n = 284) reported presence of the full ventilator bundle policy. However, only 66% (n = 188/284) monitored implementation; of those, 39% (n = 73/188) reported high compliance. Only when an intensive care unit (ICU) had a policy, monitored compliance and achieved high compliance were VAP rates lower. Compliance with individual elements or just one of two infection-related element had no impact on VAP (β = -0.79, P= 0.15). There was an association between complying with two infection elements and lower rates (β = -1.81, P< 0.01). There were no crossover effects. Presence of a full-time hospital epidemiologist (HE) was significantly associated with lower VAP rates (β = -3.62, P< 0.01).

CONCLUSIONS: The ventilator bundle was frequently present but not well implemented. Individual elements did not appear effective; strict compliance with infection elements was needed. Efforts to prevent VAP may be successful in settings of high levels of compliance with all infection-specific elements and in settings with full-time HEs.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
21821603
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"