Prognostic factors of mortality and 2-year survival analysis of systemic sclerosis with pulmonary arterial hypertension in Thailand

Chingching Foocharoen, Ratanavadee Nanagara, Songsak Kiatchoosakun, Siraphop Suwannaroj, Ajanee Mahakkanukrauh
International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases 2011, 14 (3): 282-9

AIMS: Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a major complication and cause of death in systemic sclerosis (SSc). Our objective was to identify the predictive factors of mortality and the 2-year survival rate among Thai sufferers of PAH-SSc.

METHODS: An historical cohort study was performed among PAH-SSc patients followed up at Srinagarind Hospital, Thailand, between January 2005 and December 2008. Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression analyses were used to estimate the probability of survival and to assess the significant factors associated with death.

RESULTS: Pulmonary arterial hypertension was recognized in 60 patients using ECHO criteria, right ventricular systolic pressure (RVSP) > 35 mmHg. Two-thirds of the patients were female, > 50 years of age, with the dSSc subtype. Twenty patients (33.3%) died: the mortality rate was 15.6% per 100 person-years. The respective 1-, 2-, 3- and 4-year survival rate was 86.1%, 71.3%, 64.6% and 53.9%. The majority (85%) died without any specific treatment for PAH. Using univariate analysis, the mortality risk was associated with: the WHO functional class (FC) III (HR = 27.82), visceral organ involvement (HR = 5.14), myositis (HR = 3.14), esophageal dysmotility (HR = 3.08) and pericarditis (HR = 2.84). Using Cox regression, the only predictor of death was FCIII. The causes of death in PAH-SSc were related to PAH (60%), infection (30%) and acute renal failure (10%).

CONCLUSION: Up to one-third of Thai sufferers of PAH-SSc died within 2 years of PAH diagnosis, without any specific treatment being given. Increased mortality risk was found in SSc patients who had FCIII and visceral organ involvement.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"