Mild to moderate hidradenitis suppurativa treated with local excision and primary closure

D C van Rappard, J E Mooij, J R Mekkes
Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV 2012, 26 (7): 898-902

BACKGROUND: Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a chronic skin disease with a great impact on quality of life. Treatment with antibiotics or anti-inflammatory drugs, such as prednisone or TNF-alpha-inhibitors usually achieves only temporary improvement. Surgical intervention is considered as the only curative treatment for recurrent lesions.

OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy and patient satisfaction of local excision followed by primary closure.

METHODS: Between 2005 and 2010, 92 local excisions with primary closure were performed in 57 patients with mild to moderate HS. All patients were treated on an outpatient basis, under local anaesthesia. Local excision was defined as complete excision of the affected tissue, beyond the borders of activity, leaving clear margins. The medical records were reviewed retrospectively in 2010. The final outcome of the procedure, cosmetic appearance and patient satisfaction was measured using a questionnaire.

RESULTS: Successful treatment, without recurrence, was accomplished in 66% of the cases. The intervention was generally well tolerated: 84% of the patients stated that they would undergo the same surgical procedure again if necessary, and 89% would recommend the procedure to other patients.

CONCLUSION: Local excision followed by primary closure is a valuable treatment for patients with mild to moderate HS (Hurly stage I & II), with low morbidity and a high patient satisfaction rate.

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