COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE

[Comparison of two protocols of febrile urinary tract infection management in children]

T Blanchais, A Legrand, E Allain Launay, M-D Leclair, J Caillon, G Roussey-Kesler
Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie 2011, 18 (9): 955-61
21795028

PURPOSE: To compare two first febrile urinary tract infection (UTI) management protocols with regards to the diagnosis of high-grade vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) and cost.

METHODS: This study compared two cohorts of children under 16 years of age, admitted for a first episode of febrile UTI. The first group (in 2005) was managed according to previous recommendations (IV treatment and cystography performed for all children under 3 years of age). The second group (in 2006) was managed according to age and procalcitonin level. High-grade VUR frequency, UTI recurrence, hospitalization rate, and cost were compared between the two cohorts.

RESULTS: A total of 225 children were included in 2005 and 116 in 2006. High-grade VUR was found in 6.2 and 9.5% of the patients in 2005 and 2006, respectively (P=0.274). There was no statistically significant difference in the UTI recurrence rate between the two cohorts (5.3% in 2005 and 8.6% in 2006; P=0.237). The mean cost of an episode of febrile UTI was not significantly different in 2005 and 2006 (€2235 in 2005, €2256 in 2006; P=0.902), but was lower for children older than 6 months in 2006 (€1292 versus €1882 in 2005; P=0.0042).

CONCLUSION: Our management protocol for a first febrile UTI episode in children based on procalcitonin levels seems to be suitable for the diagnosis of high-grade VUR. The hospitalization rate and the mean cost of management for children older than 6 months of age was significantly reduced in 2006. The management guidelines for a first occurrence of febrile UTI in children should be reconsidered.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
21795028
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"