Stability effects on CO2 adsorption for the DOBDC series of metal-organic frameworks

Jian Liu, Annabelle I Benin, Amanda M B Furtado, Paulina Jakubczak, Richard R Willis, M Douglas LeVan
Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids 2011 September 20, 27 (18): 11451-6
Metal-organic frameworks with unsaturated metal centers in their crystal structures, such as Ni/DOBDC and Mg/DOBDC, are promising adsorbents for carbon dioxide capture from flue gas due to their high CO(2) capacities at subatmospheric pressures. However, stability is a critical issue for their application. In this paper, the stabilities of Ni/DOBDC and Mg/DOBDC are investigated. Effects of steam conditioning, simulated flue gas conditioning, and long-term storage on CO(2) adsorption capacities are considered. Results show that Ni/DOBDC can maintain its CO(2) capacity after steam conditioning and long-term storage, whereas Mg/DOBDC does not. Nitrogen isotherms for Mg/DOBDC show a drop in surface area after steaming, corresponding to the decrease in CO(2) adsorption, which may be caused by a reduction of unsaturated metal centers in its structure. Conditioning with dry simulated flue gas at room temperature only slightly affects CO(2) adsorption in Ni/DOBDC. However, introducing water vapor into the simulated flue gas further reduces the CO(2) capacity of Ni/DOBDC.

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