OPEN IN READ APP
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Dose-related effect of statins in venous thrombosis risk reduction

Danai Khemasuwan, Young Kwang Chae, Shikha Gupta, Alejandra Carpio, Jeong Hyun Yun, Stefan Neagu, Anabella B Lucca, Matias E Valsecchi, Jorge I Mora
American Journal of Medicine 2011, 124 (9): 852-9
21783169

BACKGROUND: Atherosclerosis and venous thromboembolism share similar pathophysiology based on common inflammatory mediators. The dose-related effect of statin therapy in venous thromboembolism remains controversial. This study investigated whether the use of antiplatelet therapy and statins decrease the occurrence of venous thromboembolism in patients with atherosclerosis.

METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study reviewing 1795 consecutive patients with atherosclerosis admitted to a teaching hospital between 2005 and 2010. Patients who had been treated with anticoagulation therapy were excluded. Patients who either used statins for <2 months or never used them were allocated to the nonuser group.

RESULTS: The final analysis included 1100 patients. The overall incidence of venous thromboembolism was 9.7%. Among statin users, 6.3% (54/861) developed venous thromboembolism, compared with 22.2% (53/239) in the nonuser group (hazard ratio [HR] 0.24; P <.001). After controlling for confounding factors, statin use was still associated with a lower risk of developing venous thromboembolism (HR 0.29; P <.001). High-dose statin use (average 50.9 mg/day) (HR 0.25; P <.001) lowered the risk of venous thromboembolism compared with standard-dose statins (average 22.2 mg/day) (HR 0.38; P <.001). Dual antiplatelet therapy with aspirin and clopidogrel decreased occurrence of venous thromboembolism (HR 0.19; P <.001). Interestingly, combined statins and antiplatelet therapy further reduced the occurrence of venous thromboembolism (HR 0.16; P <.001).

CONCLUSIONS: The use of statins and antiplatelet therapy is associated with a significant reduction in the occurrence of venous thromboembolism with a dose-related response of statins.

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
21783169
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"