Impaired brachial flow-mediated dilation is a predictor of a new-onset vascular event after stroke

Diego Santos-García, Miguel Blanco, Joaquín Serena, Manuel Rodríguez-Yáñez, Rogelio Leira, José Castillo
Cerebrovascular Diseases 2011, 32 (2): 155-62

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Brachial arterial flow-mediated dilation (FMD) is associated with an increased risk of vascular events. Our aim was to investigate the relationship between FMD measured in the acute phase of ischemic stroke and a new major adverse vascular event in a consecutive cohort of patients followed up for 48 months after an acute first-ever stroke.

METHODS: We measured FMD in 120 consecutive patients with acute ischemic stroke using high-resolution ultrasonography. FMD was calculated as the relationship between the basal diameter of the brachial artery before and after transient vascular occlusion. Intima-media thickness, extracranial carotid atherosclerosis, stroke severity National Institute of Health Stroke Scale, and modified Rankin Scale at 3 months were also evaluated. A vascular event was defined as any of the following: vascular disease (VD) death, nonfatal myocardial infarction (MI), nonfatal recurrent stroke (RS), claudication or peripheral arterial thrombosis (PVD), angioplasty or cardiac bypass graft surgery.

RESULTS: There were 34 new major adverse vascular events in 32 of 120 patients (26.7%): 21 (61.8%) RS, 5 (14.7%) VD death, 5 (14.7%) MI, and 3 (8.8%) PVD. The presence of carotid artery plaque (81.3 vs. 46%; p < 0.0001), atrial fibrillation (37.5 vs. 14.8%; p = 0.007) and FMD (5.30 ± 7.48 vs. 10.54 ± 7.02; p = 0.001) were associated with new-onset vascular events. FMD ≤4.5% was an independent predictor of new-onset vascular events (hazards ratio 3.48; 95% confidence interval 1.26-9.63; p = 0.01).

CONCLUSIONS: FMD is an independent predictor for a new-onset vascular event after first-ever ischemic stroke.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"