Sex-specific gait patterns of older adults with knee osteoarthritis: results from the Baltimore longitudinal study of aging

Seung-Uk Ko, Eleanor M Simonsick, Liz M Husson, Luigi Ferrucci
Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research 2011, 2011: 175763
Men and women exhibit different gait patterns during customary walking and may respond differently to joint diseases. The present paper aims to identify gait patterns associated with knee-OA separately in men and women. Participants included 144 men and 124 women aged 60 years and older enrolled in the Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging (BLSA) who underwent gait testing at a self-selected speed. Both men and women with knee-OA had lower ankle propulsion mechanical work expenditure (MWE; P < .001 for both) and higher hip generative MWE (P < .001) compared to non-OA controls. Women with knee-OA had a higher BMI (P = .008), slower gait speed (P = .049), and higher knee frontal-plane absorbing MWE (P = .007) than women without knee-OA. These differences were not observed in men. Understanding sex-specific differences in gait adaptation to knee-OA may inform the development of appropriate strategies for early detection and intervention for knee-OA in men and women.

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