JOURNAL ARTICLE

Impact of paracrine signals from brain microvascular endothelial cells on microglial proliferation and migration

Jun Wang, Peng-Tao Li, Huan Du, Jin-Cai Hou, Wei-Hong Li, Yan-Shu Pan, Qian Hua, Hui-Cong Chen
Brain Research Bulletin 2011 August 10, 86 (1-2): 53-9
21756984
Neuronal survival can be influenced by activated microglia, but limited evidence exists on the effects of paracrine signaling from brain microvascular endothelial cells (BMECs) on microglial action. Therefore, we examined the effects of normal BMECs conditioned medium (BMECs-CM) on activated microglia induced by pro-inflammatory cytokine macrophage inflammatory protein-1beta (MIP-1β), a chemokine that released from ischemic BMECs and has been proved to stimulate microglial proliferation. Our results showed that BMECs-CM inhibited the proliferation and transmigration of microglia induced by MIP-1β. Moreover, BMECs-CM significantly suppressed the expression of the MIP-1β receptor, CCR5, and the phosphorylation of p38 and JNK (P<0.05). These findings suggest that BMECs-CM could inhibit MIP-1β-induced microglial activation. Future therapeutic strategies that prioritize the early recovery of BMECs could be beneficial for microglial inhibition and further increase neuronal survival.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
21756984
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"