JOURNAL ARTICLE

Operational challenges in managing Isoniazid Preventive Therapy in child contacts: a high-burden setting perspective

Susan S van Wyk, Anthony J Reid, Anna M Mandalakas, Donald A Enarson, Nulda Beyers, Julie Morrison, Anneke C Hesseling
BMC Public Health 2011, 11: 544
21740580

BACKGROUND: The study was conducted at a high TB-HIV burden primary health community clinic in Cape Town, South Africa. We describe the management of children under five years of age in household contact with a smear and/or culture-positive adult TB case.

METHODS: This study was a record review of routinely-collected programme data.

RESULTS: A total of 1094 adult TB case folders were reviewed. From all identified contacts, 149 children should have received IPT based on local guidelines; in only 2/149 IPT was initiated. Management of child contacts of sputum smear and/or culture-positive compared to sputum-negative TB patients were similar.

CONCLUSIONS: IPT delivery to children remains an operational challenge, especially in high TB-HIV burden communities. A tool to improve IPT management and targeting sputum smear and/or culture-positive TB child contacts may overcome some of these challenges and should be developed and piloted in such settings.

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