The pharmacokinetic diversity of two von Willebrand factor (VWF)/ factor VIII (FVIII) concentrates in subjects with congenital von Willebrand disease. Results from a prospective, randomised crossover study

Craig M Kessler, Ken Friedman, Bruce A Schwartz, Joan C Gill, Jerry S Powell
Thrombosis and Haemostasis 2011, 106 (2): 279-88
The pharmacokinetic (PK) profiles of von Willebrand factor (VWF) /factor VIII (FVIII) concentrates are important for treatment efficacy and safety of von Willebrand disease (VWD) patients. This prospective, head-to-head, randomised crossover study compared the PK profile of a new, high purity, human plasma-derived (pd)VWF/FVIII concentrate, Wilate, with the PK profile of an intermediate purity (pd)VWF/FVIII concentrate, Humate-P, in VWD patients. Subjects with inherited VWD were randomised to a single intravenous dose (40 IU/kg VWF ristocetin cofactor activity [VWF:RCo]) of Wilate or Humate-P in Period 1, and switched to the other study drug in Period 2. Each period was preceded by a washout time of ≥ 7 days. Coagulation factor parameters were analysed at multiple time-points. Of 22 randomised subjects, 20 had evaluable PK profiles, which indicated comparability for VWF antigen and VWF:RCo between Wilate and Humate-P. The reported VWF:RCo average and terminal t1/2 of 10.4 and 15.8 hours (h), respectively, for Wilate and 9.3 h and 12.8 h for Humate-P, were not statistically different. Also, the mean VWF:RCo in vivo recoveries (Wilate 1.89, Humate-P 1.99 IU/dl per IU/kg) were similar between the two replacement therapies. Wilate showed parallel decay curves for VWF:RCo and FVIII clotting activity (FVIII:C) over time, while FVIII:C of Humate-P displayed a plateau between 0 and 12-24 h. This study demonstrated bioequivalent PK properties for VWF between Wilate and Humate-P. The PK profile of Wilate, combined with the 1:1 VWF/FVIII ratio, theoretically should facilitate dosing and laboratory monitoring of VWF replacement to prevent bleeding in individuals with VWD.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"