Kell hemolytic disease of the fetus. Combination treatment with plasmapheresis and intrauterine blood transfusion

S Lakhwani, P Machado, P Pecos, M Coloma, S Rebollo, J M Raya
Transfusion and Apheresis Science 2011, 45 (1): 9-11
We report the case of a 36-year old pregnant woman with a Kell alloimmunization (anti-K1), probably secondary to a previous blood transfusion, and a severe hemolytic disease of the fetus. Once the first fetal blood transfusion by cordocentesis was performed, we started treatment with repeated plasmapheresis to maintain anti-K1 titer below 1:32. With this scheme we did not need to perform a second intrauterine fetal blood transfusion and only mild anemia was found in the newborn. Taking into account that the rate of serious complications with plasmapheresis is lower than that related with intrauterine blood transfusion, this could be an alternative approach to repeated transfusions.

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