Biofunctionalization of electrowetting-on-dielectric digital microfluidic chips for miniaturized cell-based applications

Daan Witters, Nicolas Vergauwe, Steven Vermeir, Frederik Ceyssens, Sandra Liekens, Robert Puers, Jeroen Lammertyn
Lab on a Chip 2011 August 21, 11 (16): 2790-4
In this paper we report on the controlled biofunctionalization of the hydrophobic layer of electrowetting-on-dielectric (EWOD) based microfluidic chips with the aim to execute (adherent) cell-based assays. The biofunctionalization technique involves a dry lift-off method with an easy to remove Parylene-C mask and allows the creation of spatially controlled micropatches of biomolecules in the Teflon-AF(®) layer of the chip. Compared to conventional methods, this method (i) is fully biocompatible; and (ii) leaves the hydrophobicity of the chip surface unaffected by the fabrication process, which is a crucial feature for digital microfluidic chips. In addition, full control of the geometry and the dimensions of the micropatches is achieved, allowing cells to be arrayed as cell clusters or as single cells on the digital microfluidic chip surface. The dry Parylene-C lift-off technique proves to have great potential for precise biofunctionalization of digital microfluidic chips, and can enhance their use for heterogeneous bio-assays that are of interest in various biomedical applications.


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"