Extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-mediated resistance among bacterial isolates recovered from ocular infections

M Jayahar Bharathi, R Ramakrishnan, S Ramesh, N Murugan
Ophthalmic Research 2012, 47 (1): 52-6

PURPOSE: To evaluate resistances mediated by extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) and AmpC β-lactamases among Gram-negative bacteria recovered from ocular infections.

METHODS: As per the Clinical Laboratory Standards Institute M100-S-16 document, a total of 135 Gram-negative bacilli were recovered from ocular specimens and were subjected to phenotypic confirmation for ESBL production by the double-disc synergy test, cephalosporin and clavulanate combination disc test and E test, and, for AmpC β-lactamase, the modified double-disc approximation method and AmpC disc test.

RESULTS: In the double-disc synergy test, 21 (15.5%) isolates showed positive results against the cefpodoxime disc, 19 (14%) against cefpodoxime and cefotaxime, 15 (11%) against cefpodoxime, cefotaxime and ceftriaxone and 10 (7%) isolates were against cefpodoxime, cefotaxime, ceftriaxone and ceftazidime discs. In the cephalosporin/clavulanate combination disc test, 19 (14%) isolates showed positive results against cefotaxime with clavulanic acid and 10 (7%) isolates against ceftazidime with clavulanic acid. In the E test, 10 (7%) isolates displayed positive results against ceftazidime and 19 (14%) against cefotaxime. In the AmpC disc test for phenotypic confirmation, indentations were observed in 15 (11%) isolates with flattening also occurring in 10 (7%) isolates.

CONCLUSION: The incidences of ESBL- and AmpC β-lactamase-mediated resistances are found to be 7 and 18.5% among ocular isolates, respectively, and are more prevalent among the strains of Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae.

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