Inhibition of fibroblast differentiation of muscle-derived stem cells in cell implantation treatment of stress urinary incontinence

Yanzhou Wang, Huicheng Xu, Xiaofang Liu, Lubin Liu, Zhiqing Liang
Cellular Reprogramming 2011, 13 (5): 459-64
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) stimulation and the blocking of the TGF-β1/Smad3 signaling pathway by vector-mediated Smad3 shRNA on muscle-derived stem cells (MDSCs) in cell implantation treatment of stress urinary incontinence (SUI) of the rat. MDSCs were infected with the GC-shSmad3 lentivirus vector. Five days after infection, the cells were treated with TGF-β1. The expression levels of desmin (a marker of muscle differentiation) and vimentin (a marker of fibroblast differentiation) were tested by real-time PCR and Western blot. GC-shSmad3 lentivirus-infected MDSCs were injected into the bladder neck and proximal urethra of SUI rats. Urodynamic test was used to measure leak point pressure (LPP) at 2 weeks and 4 weeks after MDSC transplantation. Upregulated expression of vimentin and downregulated expression of desmin were found in MDSCs after culture with TGF-β1 in vitro. GC-shSmad3 lentivirus infection inhibited fibroblast differentiation of MDSCs but allowed muscle differentiation with desmin expression. In vivo experiments showed that GC-shSmad3 lentivirus infection could improve MDSC-mediated repairing of urethra sphincter function. In conclusion, blocking Smad3 expression inhibits the fibroblast differentiation of MDSCs induced by TGF-β1 in vitro and improves the repairing of urethral sphincter function by inhibiting the fibroblast differentiation of MDSCs in a rat model of SUI in vivo.

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