Pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic modeling of the effect of an sodium-glucose cotransporter inhibitor, phlorizin, on renal glucose transport in rats

Koji Yamaguchi, Motohiro Kato, Masayuki Suzuki, Kimie Asanuma, Yoshinori Aso, Sachiya Ikeda, Masaki Ishigai
Drug Metabolism and Disposition: the Biological Fate of Chemicals 2011, 39 (10): 1801-7
A pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic (PK-PD) model for the inhibitory effect of sodium-glucose cotransporter (SGLT) inhibitors on renal glucose reabsorption was developed to predict in vivo efficacy. First, using the relationship between renal glucose clearance and plasma glucose level in rats and both the glucose affinity and transport capacity obtained from in vitro vesicle experiments, a pharmacodynamic model analysis was performed based on a nonlinear parallel tube model to express the renal glucose transport mediated by SGLT1 and SGLT2. This model suitably expressed the relationship between plasma glucose level and renal glucose excretion. A PK-PD model was developed next to analyze the inhibitory effect of phlorizin on renal glucose reabsorption. The PK-PD model analysis was performed using averaged concentrations of both the drug and glucose in plasma and the corresponding renal glucose clearance. The model suitably expressed the concentration-dependent inhibitory effect of phlorizin on renal glucose reabsorption. The in vivo inhibition constants of phlorizin for SGLT in rats were estimated to be 67 nM for SGLT1 and 252 nM for SGLT2, which are similar to the in vitro data reported previously. This suggests that the in vivo efficacy of SGLT inhibitors could be predicted from an in vitro study based on the present PK-PD model. The present model is based on physiological and biochemical parameters and, therefore, would be helpful in understanding individual differences in the efficacy of an SGLT inhibitor.

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