Anti-neuroinflammatory activity of Kamebakaurin from Isodon japonicus via inhibition of c-Jun NH₂-terminal kinase and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway in activated microglial cells

Byung-Wook Kim, Sushruta Koppula, In Su Kim, Hyung-Woo Lim, Sun-Min Hong, Sang-Don Han, Bang-Yeon Hwang, Dong-Kug Choi
Journal of Pharmacological Sciences 2011, 116 (3): 296-308
Compelling evidence supports the notion that the majority of neurodegenerative diseases are associated with microglia-mediated neuroinflammation. Therefore, quelling of microglial activation may lead to neuronal cell survival. The present study investigated the effects of Kamebakaurin (KMBK), a kaurane diterpene isolated from Isodon japonicus HARA (Labiatae), on the production of pro-inflammatory mediators in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated cytotoxicity in rat primary microglial cultures and the BV-2 cell line. KMBK significantly inhibited the LPS-induced production of nitric oxide (NO) in a concentration-dependent fashion in activated microglial cells. The mRNA and protein levels of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and cyclooxycenase-2 (COX-2) were also decreased dose-dependently. Furthermore KMBK inhibited the JNK and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) in LPS-stimulated BV-2 microglial cells. Considering the results obtained, the present study authenticated the potential benefits of KMBK as a therapeutic target in ameliorating microglia-mediated neuroinflammatory diseases.

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