MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search
OPEN IN READ APP
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Valve-in-valve hemodynamics of 20-mm transcatheter aortic valves in small bioprostheses

Ali N Azadani, Nicolas Jaussaud, Liang Ge, Sam Chitsaz, Timothy A M Chuter, Elaine E Tseng
Annals of Thoracic Surgery 2011, 92 (2): 548-55
21704287

BACKGROUND: Transcatheter aortic valve (TAV) implantation is a treatment for selected patients with failing bioprostheses. We previously showed that currently available SAPIEN (Edwards Lifesciences, Irvine, CA) TAV sizes did not yield acceptable valve-in-valve (VIV) hemodynamics in small degenerated bioprostheses because optimal TAV function requires full stent expansion to its nominal size. The study objective was to determine (1) if 20-mm TAVs provide acceptable hemodynamics in small degenerated bioprostheses and (2) the effect of TAV spatial orientation on valvular hemodynamics and coronary flows.

METHODS: Twelve 20-mm TAVs were created for implantation within 19-mm and 21-mm degenerated Carpentier-Edwards Perimount (Edwards Lifesciences) and porcine bioprostheses. Degenerated valves were sutured into human homograft roots and mounted in a pulse duplicator. TAVs were implanted within bioprostheses as VIV in standard orientation, in which TAV and bioprosthetic commissures were aligned, and later with 60-degree rotation.

RESULTS: The 20-mm TAVs migrated retrograde into the left ventricle after VIV in the 21-mm Perimount bioprostheses. However, 20-mm TAVs in 19-mm Perimount (54.9±5.4 to 23.5±3.9 mm Hg, p=0.006) and 21-mm porcine bioprostheses (35.2±8.9 to 16.8±4.1 mm Hg, p=0.03) significantly reduced mean gradients. No significant reduction in pressure gradient occurred after VIV in 19-mm degenerated porcine bioprostheses. Mild regurgitation was observed after VIV. VIV with standard and 60-degree TAV orientation did not significantly alter hemodynamics or coronary flows.

CONCLUSIONS: Valve-in-valve hemodynamics with 20-mm TAV improved for 19-mm Perimount and 21-mm porcine but not 19-mm porcine bioprostheses. No significant differences in hemodynamics were noted by orientation with TAV and bioprosthesis commissural alignment or 60-degree rotation.

Comments

You need to log in or sign up for an account to be able to comment.

No comments yet, be the first to post one!

Related Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
21704287
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"