SKLB610: a novel potential inhibitor of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor tyrosine kinases inhibits angiogenesis and tumor growth in vivo

Zhi-Xing Cao, Ren-Lin Zheng, Hong-Jun Lin, Shi-Dong Luo, Yan Zhou, You-Zhi Xu, Xiu-Xiu Zeng, Zhao Wang, Li-Na Zhou, Yong-Qiu Mao, Li Yang, Yu-Quan Wei, Luo-Ting Yu, Sheng-Yong Yang, Ying-Lan Zhao
Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry 2011, 27 (5): 565-74
Antagonizing angiogenesis-related receptor tyrosine kinase is a promising therapeutic strategy in oncology. In present study, we designed and synthesized a novel vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR) inhibitor N-methyl-4-(4-(3-(trifluoromethyl) benzamido) phenoxy) picolinamide SKLB610 that potently suppresses human tumor angiogenesis. SKLB610 inhibited angiogenesis-related tyrosine kinase VEGFR2, fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 (FGFR2) and platelet-derived growth factor receptor (PDGFR) at rate of 97%, 65% and 55%, respectively, at concentration of 10μM in biochemical kinase assays. In vitro, SKLB610 showed more selective inhibition of VEGF-stimulated human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) proliferation, and this proliferation inhibitory effect was associated with decreased phosphorylation of VEGFR2 and p42/44 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p42/44 MAPK). Antiangiogenic evaluation showed that SKLB610 inhibited the HUVECs capillary-tube formation on Matrigel in vitro and the sub-intestinal vein formation of zebrafish in vivo. Moreover, SKLB610 inhibited a panel of human cancer cells proliferation in a concentration-dependent manner and human non-small cell lung cancer cell line A549 and human colorectal cancer cell line HCT116 were most sensitive to SKLB610 treatment. In vivo, chronic intraperitoneally administration of SKLB610 at dose of 50mg/kg/d resulted in significant inhibition in the growth of established human A549 and HCT116 tumor xenografts in nude mice without exhibit toxicity. Histological analysis showed significant reductions in intratumoral microvessel density (CD31 staining) of 43-55% relative to controls depending on the specific tumor xenografts. In conclusion, the present study demonstrated that SKLB610 exhibited its antitumor activity as a multi-targeted inhibitor with more potent inhibition of VEGFR2 activity. Its potential to be a candidate of anticancer agent is worth being further investigated.

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