Paraoxonase-1 activity, malondialdehyde and glutathione peroxidase in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and the effect of atorvastatin

Waleed Samy, Mohammed A Hassanian
Arab Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Publication of the Pan-Arab Association of Gastroenterology 2011, 12 (2): 80-5

BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: The prevalence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) appears to be increasing. The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between hepatic antioxidant paraoxonase 1 (PON1) activity, lipid peroxidation and antioxidant enzymes in patients with NAFLD and the effect of atorvastatin.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study was conducted on 50 patients with NAFLD and 20 normal subjects matched for age and sex. All of them were subjected to the following investigations: abdominal ultrasonography, serum PON1 activity level, liver function tests, serum lipid profile, fasting and postprandial blood glucose and serum levels of malondialdehyde (MDA) and glutathione peroxidase (GP). NAFLD patients were further randomly classified into two groups (25 patients each), groups Ia and Ib. Only group Ia received atorvastatin 40mg tablet for 8months.

RESULTS: Obesity, dyslipidaemia and impaired glucose tolerance were prevalent in group I. There was a significant decrease in serum PON1 activity with a significant increase in MDA and GP activity (i.e., there is a significant increase in lipid peroxidation rate) in group I compared with group II. After atorvastatin therapy, there was a significant increase in serum PNO1 activity and significant decrease in serum MDA levels.

CONCLUSION: Patients with NAFLD show enhanced oxidative stress which may lead to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). Reduced PON1 activity and increased MDA could be considered a biochemical marker for lipid peroxidation, which require follow-up in patients with NAFLD. Atorvastatin may have a role in prevention of, or delay, the transformation of liver steatosis into NASH.

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