The efficacy and safety of sildenafil in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension associated with the different types of congenital heart disease

Wei-Jie Zeng, Xian-Ling Lu, Chang-Ming Xiong, Guang-Liang Shan, Zhi-Hong Liu, Xin-Hai Ni, Qing Gu, Zhi-Hui Zhao, Jian-Jun Li, Jian-Guo He
Clinical Cardiology 2011, 34 (8): 513-8

BACKGROUND: The difference in underlying pathophysiology in different congenital heart disease (CHD) may have an influence on clinical outcome. It remains unclear whether the effect of sildenafil on pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) varies in different types of CHD.

HYPOTHESIS: The potential effect of sildenafil on pulmonary arterial hypertension related to CHD may be associated with shunt location.

METHODS: In this 12-week, prospective, open label, multicenter trial, 55 patients with CHD were divided into the 3 groups: atrial septal defects group (ASD, n = 15), ventricular septal defects group (VSD, n = 24), and patent ductus arteriosus group (PDA, n = 16). Exercise capacity, hemodynamic parameters, and arterial oxygen saturation were assessed at baseline and after sildenafil therapy (25 mg, 3 times daily).

RESULTS: Six-minute walk distance significantly increased from 377.2 ± 68.7 m to 436.0 ± 70.4 m in patients with ASD, from 371.2 ± 66.0 m to 413.7 ± 83.1 m in VSD, and from 384.3 ± 90.2 m to 440.9 ± 71.8 m in PDA (P<0.01, respectively). Moreover, sildenafil also improved the pulmonary vascular resistance and pulmonary blood flow index in the 3 groups, whereas no significant changes in systemic vascular resistance and systemic arterial pressure were observed. However, arterial oxygen saturation was significantly improved in the ASD group only. The incidence of adverse events was similar among the 3 groups.

CONCLUSIONS: Sildenafil therapy seems to be effective and safe for PAH secondary to ASD, VSD, and PDA, although some clinical and hemodynamic parameters were changed in a different manner among the 3 groups.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"