QTL mapping for test weight by using F(2:3) population in maize

Jun-Qiang Ding, Jin-Liang Ma, Chun-Rong Zhang, Hua-Fang Dong, Zhang-Ying Xi, Zong-Liang Xia, Jian-Yu Wu
Journal of Genetics 2011, 90 (1): 75-80
Test weight is an important trait in maize breeding. Understanding the genetic mechanism of test weight is important for effective selection of maize test weight improvement. In this study, quantitative trait loci (QTL) for maize test weight were identified. In the years 2007 and 2008, a F(2:3) population along with the parents Chang7-2 and Zheng58 were planted in Zhengzhou, People's Republic of China. Significant genotypic variation for maize test weight was observed in both years. Based on the genetic map containing 180 polymorphic SSR markers with an average linkage distance of 11.0 cM, QTL for maize test weight were analysed by mixed-model composite interval mapping. Five QTL, including four QTL with only additive effects, were identified on chromosomes 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5, and together explained 25.2% of the phenotypic variation. Seven pairs of epistatic interactions were also detected, involving 11 loci distributed on chromosomes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 7, respectively, which totally contributed 18.2% of the phenotypic variation. However, no significant QTL x environment (QxE) interaction and epistasis x environment interaction effects were detected. The results showed that besides the additive QTL, epistatic interactions also formed an important genetic basis for test weight in maize.

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