Efficacy of human simulated exposures of ceftaroline administered at 600 milligrams every 12 hours against phenotypically diverse Staphylococcus aureus isolates

Rebecca A Keel, Jared L Crandon, David P Nicolau
Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy 2011, 55 (9): 4028-32
Ceftaroline exhibits bactericidal activity against Gram-positive pathogens, including methicillin-susceptible (MSSA) and methicillin-resistant (MRSA) Staphylococcus aureus, as well as common Gram-negative pathogens. This study evaluated the efficacy of human simulated exposures of ceftaroline against S. aureus in both the neutropenic and immunocompetent mouse thigh infection models. Twenty-six S. aureus isolates (4 MSSA, 22 MRSA) with ceftaroline MICs ranging from 0.125 to 4 μg/ml were collected. All isolates were tested in the neutropenic model and a subset of 13 MRSA isolates were tested in the immunocompetent model. Two hours after inoculation, a ceftaroline regimen that simulated the percentage of the dosing interval that free-drug concentrations remained above the MIC of the infecting organism (fT>MIC) of humans administered ceftaroline at 600 mg every 12 h (q12h) infused over 1 h was given. The change in log(10) CFU/ml after 24 h of treatment was analyzed relative to the 0- and 24-h controls for neutropenic and immunocompetent mice, respectively. The human simulated regimen resulted in efficacy against all isolates tested in both infection models. In the neutropenic model, a 0.95 to 3.28 log(10) CFU/ml reduction was observed when compared with the 0-h control, whereas for the immunocompetent model, all isolates obtained a >1 log(10) CFU/ml reduction (log(10) CFU/ml reduction range: 1.06 to 2.43) in bacterial density. Irrespective of immune competency, a reduction in bacterial density was observed at the highest MIC of 4 μg/ml (fT>MIC of 27.5%). Human simulated exposures of ceftaroline 600 mg q12h provided predictable efficacy against all tested S. aureus isolates in the mouse thigh model independent of immune status. These data support the clinical utility of ceftaroline against S. aureus, including MRSA, with MICs of ≤4 μg/ml.


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