JOURNAL ARTICLE

Clinical predictors of arrhythmia recurrences following pulmonary vein antrum isolation for atrial fibrillation: predicting arrhythmia recurrence post-PVAI

Yaariv Khaykin, Richard Oosthuizen, Lauren Zarnett, Vidal Essebag, Ratika Parkash, Catherine Seabrook, Marianne Beardsall, Bernice Tsang, Zaev Wulffhart, Atul Verma
Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology 2011, 22 (11): 1206-14
21668562

INTRODUCTION: Pulmonary vein antrum isolation (PVAI) is an accepted treatment for atrial fibrillation (AF) refractory to medical therapy. The purpose of this study was to identify the patient, procedural, and follow-up factors associated with arrhythmia recurrences following PVAI.

METHODS AND RESULTS: Clinical data were prospectively collected on all 385 consecutive patients who had 530 PVAI (age 58 ± 11 years, 63% paroxysmal AF-PAF, follow-up 2.8 ± 1.2 years) between February 2004 and March 2009. ECGs were recorded at each follow-up visit with Holter monitoring 1, 3, 6, and 12 months following PVAI and every 6 months thereafter. Recurrences < 3 months post-PVAI were defined as early, 3 months-1 year post-PVAI as late, and > 1 year post-PVAI as very late. Relationship between predictor variables and outcomes was modeled using Cox proportional hazards analysis. Late recurrences occurred in 42% with a lower rate among PAF versus non-PAF patients (39% vs 56%, P = 0.001). Of the 256 patients with ≥ 1-year follow-up, 121 (47%) had no arrhythmia off antiarrhythmic drugs (AADs) 1 year post-PVAI; 36 (30%) of these had a very late recurrence. In multivariate analysis, non-PAF, hypertension, and prior AAD failure predicted recurrence. When entered into the model, early recurrences remained the only predictor of late recurrences.

CONCLUSION: Patients with non-PAF, hypertension, and prior failure of multiple AAD were more likely to experience arrhythmia recurrence post-PVAI. Early recurrences were the strongest predictor of late recurrences. Late and very late recurrences following PVAI were common and should be considered when planning long-term AF patient management. 

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
21668562
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"