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Hydrogenation of p-chloronitrobenzene over nanostructured-carbon-supported ruthenium catalysts

Mustapha Oubenali, Giuditta Vanucci, Bruno Machado, Mohammed Kacimi, Mahfoud Ziyad, Joaquim Faria, Anna Raspolli-Galetti, Philippe Serp
ChemSusChem 2011 July 18, 4 (7): 950-6
21656695
Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and carbon nanofibers (CNFs) have been used for the first time to support ruthenium nanoparticles for the hydrogenation of p-chloronitrobenzene (p-CNB) to produce selectively p-chloroaniline. The preparation of well-dispersed ruthenium catalysts from the [Ru(3)(CO)(12)] precursor required activation of the purified supports by nitric acid oxidation. The supports, purified and functionalized, and the supported catalysts have been characterized by a range of techniques. The catalytic activity of these materials for the hydrogenation of p-CNB at 35 bar and 60 °C is shown to reach as high as 18 mol(p-CNB)g(Ru)(-1) h(-1), which is one order of magnitude higher than a commercial Ru/Al(2)O(3) catalyst. Selectivities between 92 and 94 % are systematically obtained, the major byproduct being aniline.

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