JOURNAL ARTICLE

[Latent membrane protein-1 of EB virus and the phenotype of epithelial-mesenchymal transition and cervical lymph node metastasis in nasopharyngeal carcinoma]

Lihua Yue, Zhiyi Jiang, Wanxin Wu, Yanping Zhang, Peng Yin, Yajun Zhang, Cheng Sheng, Guobiao Wei, Xiang Li, Kai Ling
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery 2011, 25 (6): 270-3
21650062

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relation of EB virus latent membrane protein-1 (LMP-1) and the phenotype of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and cervical lymph node metastasis in nasopharyngeal carcinoma.

METHOD: Based on histopathology and MRI imaging, nasopharyngeal biopsy tissues from 88 patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma were divided into 3 groups: pathologic metastasis (18), MRI metastasis(40) and without metastasis (30). The expressions of LMP-1, STAT3, Twist, E-Cadherin and Vimentin were examined immunohistochemically in biopsy tissues.

RESULT: LMP-1 expression was found in 35 of 88 biopsy tissues with a positive rate of 38.7%. The positive rates of LMP-1 in groups of pathologic metastasis, MRI metastasis and without metastasis were 38.9% (7/18), 47.5% (19/40) and 30.0% (9/30), respectively, and significant difference were not found among three groups. The expression of LMP-1 was positively correlated to both expressions of Twist and Vimentin (r = 0.276 and 0.282, are P < 0.01), but not to both expressions of STAT3 and E-Cadherin. The positive expressions or abnormal expression of STAT3, Twist, Vimentin and E-Cadherin were found in 57 of 88 (64.8%), 48 of 88 (54.5%), 22 of 88 (20.0%)and 53 of 88 (60.2%), respectively. Significant differences in the expression of STAT3, Twist, Vimentin and E-Cadherin were all found among groups of pathologic metastasis, MRI metastasis and without metastasis, respectively (are P < 0.05). The expression of STAT3 was positively correlated to both expressions of Twist and Vimentin (r = 0.712 and 0.316, P < 0.01).

CONCLUSION: EMT plays important role in cervical lymph node metastasis in nasopharyngeal carcinoma. LMP-1 may be only as one of upstream factors associated with the EMT, but not the decisive factor for cervical lymph node metastasis.

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