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The EBMT risk score.

The European Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation (EBMT) risk score provides a simple tool to assess instantly chances and risks of hematopoietic SCT(HSCT) for an individual patient pre-transplant. Five factors, age of the patient, stage of the disease, time from diagnosis, donor type and donor recipient gender combination augment risk for an individual patient with increasing score from 0 as best to 7 as worst in an additive way. The score holds for all acquired hematological disorders, for allogeneic and autologous HSCT (score 0-5), is independent of the HSCT technology and is valid for standard or reduced intensity conditioning. Survival is uniformly worse for older patients, transplanted in advanced disease stage after a long-time interval and with a mismatched donor than for younger patients, transplanted soon in early stage with a well matched donor. Additional risk factors such as performance score, CMV serostatus or cytokine polymorphisms improve prediction but to different extents for low or high-risk patients. Comparative assessment of disease risk and global pre-transplant risk should guide decisions for each patient with his/her specific disease between HSCT and a non-transplant approach and replace the traditional 'donor vs no donor' with such a risk-adapted individualized strategy.

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