Mammary to innominate arteriovenous fistula: endovascular management of an anecdotal complication

Frédéric Jacques, Marc Dubuc, Reda Ibrahim, Michel Joyal, Louis Bouchard, Raymond Cartier
Canadian Journal of Cardiology 2011, 27 (4): 524.e1-3
An internal thoracic artery pseudoaneurysm associated with an arteriovenous fistula to the innominate vein is a very rare complication after implantation of a cardioverter-defibrillator. We report the successful endovascular management of this unusual complication.

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