Prognostic significance of mean platelet volume on admission in an unselected cohort of patients with non ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome

Nevio Taglieri, Francesco Saia, Claudio Rapezzi, Cinzia Marrozzini, Maria Letizia Bacchi Reggiani, Tullio Palmerini, Paolo Ortolani, Giovanni Melandri, Stefania Rosmini, Laura Cinti, Laura Alessi, Fabio Vagnarelli, Caterina Villani, Angelo Branzi, Antonio Marzocchi
Thrombosis and Haemostasis 2011, 106 (1): 132-40
Mean platelet volume (MPV) has been proposed as a marker of platelet reactivity and cardiovascular risk. Its prognostic significance has not been thoroughly investigated in patients with non-ST elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS). We included 1,041 consecutive patients with NSTE-ACS. Patients were divided in quartiles according to the MPV value on admission (fl) i.e. Q1<7.5; Q2=7.5-8.0; Q3=8.1-8.8; Q4≥8.9. The primary study endpoint was the composite of cardiovascular death and re-myocardial infarction (MI) at one year. Secondary study endpoints were individual cardiovascular death and re-MI. Patients in Q4 were older, had a higher prevalence of previous MI, peripheral artery disease and advanced Killip class compared to patients in Q1-Q3. Elevated MPV levels (Q4) was independently associated with gender, smoking status, platelet count and creatinine level. Overall, 210 patients (20.2%) reached the primary endpoint, 124 (12.1%) died from cardiovascular causes and 125 (12.0%) suffered from re-MI. On multivariable analysis patients in Q4 were at higher risk of primary endpoint (HR=1.41; 95%CI 1.06-1.89; p=0.02) whilst the association with cardiovascular death and re-MI was attenuated. MPV as continuous variable was independently associated with both primary endpoint (HR=1.19; 95%CI 1.06-1.33; p=0.003) and cardiovascular death (HR=1.23; 95%CI 1.06-1.42, p=0.006). The incorporation of MPV into a comprehensive model of risk significantly increased the likelihood ratio chi-square for prediction of both the composite endpoint (p=0.004) and cardiovascular death (p=0.009). Therefore, MPV may be useful to improve risk stratification in NSTE-ACS patients and should be included in future prospective studies evaluating the role of platelet function in promoting cardiovascular events.

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