Posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms among adult survivors of the 2008 Sichuan earthquake in China

Cecilia Lai Wan Chan, Chong-Wen Wang, Zhiyong Qu, Ben Qibin Lu, Mao-Sheng Ran, Andy Hau Yan Ho, Yin Yuan, Braven Qiang Zhang, Xiying Wang, Xiulan Zhang
Journal of Traumatic Stress 2011, 24 (3): 295-302
This study examined the estimated prevalence rate of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and associated risk factors among Chinese adult survivors 7 to 8 months after the 2008 Sichuan earthquake. The sample was recruited from 2 areas close to the epicenter but of different distances. The estimated rate of PTSD symptoms was 55.6% and 26.4% respectively in the two areas. Loss of a child was a strong predictive factor for PTSD symptoms for the parents. Other predictive factors included female gender, loss of a parent, loss of friends or neighbors, residential house damage or collapse, and proximity to the epicenter. Effective and sustainable mental health services are needed and should be directed particularly to bereaved survivors.

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