RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Relationship between reactive pulmonary hypertension and mortality in patients with acute decompensated heart failure.

BACKGROUND: In patients with heart failure, pulmonary hypertension (PH) predicts higher risk for morbidity and mortality. However, few data are available on the prognostic implications of reactive (precapillary) PH superimposed on passive (postcapillary) PH.

METHODS AND RESULTS: We performed a subgroup analysis of 242 patients with acute decompensated heart failure assigned to pulmonary artery catheter placement in the Vasodilation in the Management of Acute Congestive Heart Failure trial. Patients were classified into 3 groups, using the final (posttreatment) hemodynamic measurements: (1) no PH (mean pulmonary artery pressure ≤ 25 mm Hg; (2) passive PH (mean pulmonary artery pressure > 25, pulmonary capillary wedge pressure >15 mm Hg, and pulmonary vascular resistance ≤ [corrected] Wood units); and (3) reactive PH (mean pulmonary artery pressure > 25, [corrected] pulmonary capillary wedge pressure >15 mm Hg, and pulmonary vascular resistance > 3 Wood units). Fifty-eight patients were classified as normal mean pulmonary artery pressure, 124 with passive PH and 60 with reactive PH. During follow-up of 6 months, 5 (8.6%), 27 (21.8%), and 29 (48.3%) deaths occurred in patients without PH, patients with passive PH, and with reactive PH, respectively (P<0.0001). After multivariable adjustments, reactive PH remained an independent predictor of death, with an adjusted hazard ratio of 4.8 compared with patients without PH, and 2.8 compared with patients with passive PH (95% confidence interval, 1.7 to 4.7, P=0.0001). Similar results were obtained when reactive PH was defined on the basis of transpulmonary gradient.

CONCLUSIONS: Reactive PH is common among patients with acute decompensated heart failure after initial diuretic and vasodilator therapy. The adverse outcome associated with PH is predominantly due to increased mortality rates in the subgroup of patients with reactive PH.

Full text links

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Group 7SearchHeart failure treatmentPapersTopicsCollectionsEffects of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors for the Treatment of Patients With Heart Failure Importance: Only 1 class of glucose-lowering agents-sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors-has been reported to decrease the risk of cardiovascular events primarily by reducingSeptember 1, 2017: JAMA CardiologyAssociations of albuminuria in patients with chronic heart failure: findings in the ALiskiren Observation of heart Failure Treatment study.CONCLUSIONS: Increased UACR is common in patients with heart failure, including non-diabetics. Urinary albumin creatininineJul, 2011: European Journal of Heart FailureRandomized Controlled TrialEffects of Liraglutide on Clinical Stability Among Patients With Advanced Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction: A Randomized Clinical Trial.Review

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Read by QxMD is copyright © 2021 QxMD Software Inc. All rights reserved. By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app