Resistance artery mechanics and composition in angiotensin II-infused mice: effects of cyclooxygenase-1 inhibition

Agostino Virdis, Rocchina Colucci, Mario Fritsch Neves, Ilaria Rugani, Fatma Aydinoglu, Matteo Fornai, Chiara Ippolito, Luca Antonioli, Emiliano Duranti, Anna Solini, Nunzia Bernardini, Corrado Blandizzi, Stefano Taddei
European Heart Journal 2012, 33 (17): 2225-34

AIMS: The aim of this study was to investigate the role of cyclooxygenase (COX)-1 on vascular alterations in structure, mechanics, and extracellular matrix (ECM) components induced by angiotensin (Ang) II in mesenteric arteries from wild-type (WT) and COX-1 knockout (COX-1(-/-)) mice.

METHODS AND RESULTS: Animals were infused with vehicle or Ang II (400 ng/kg/min, s.c.) ± SC-560 (COX-1 inhibitor), DFU (COX-2 inhibitor), or SQ-29548 (TP receptor antagonist). After 2 weeks, vessels were isolated and exposed to intraluminal pressures (3-140 mmHg, pressurized myograph) to determine mechanical properties. Angiotensin II-induced vascular hypertrophic remodelling in WT was reversed by SC-560 or SQ-29548, but unaffected by DFU. Angiotensin II increased vessel stiffness (P< 0.01), this effect being ameliorated by SC-560 or SQ-29548, but unmodified by DFU. Angiotensin II failed to modify vessel elasticity in COX-1(-/-) mice. In WT vessels, Ang II enhanced COX-1 immunostaining, induced collagen and fibronectin depositions and decreased elastin content (P< 0.01). These effects were reversed by SC-560 or SQ-29548, but unaffected by DFU. In COX-1(-/-) mice, Ang II did not affect ECM contents. In WT, Ang II increased COX-1 and decreased COX-2 expression, and enhanced the vascular release of 6-keto-PGF1α which was prevented by COX-1 blockade. Human coronary artery smooth muscle cells, incubated with Ang II, showed an increased expression of procollagen I, which was abrogated by SC-560 or SQ-29548.

CONCLUSION: Angiotensin II-induced alterations of resistance arteries in structure, mechanics, and ECM composition were prevented by COX-1 inhibition and TP receptor antagonism, indicating that Ang II-mediated vascular damage is mediated by COX-1-derived prostanoid prostacyclin, activating TP receptors.

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