JOURNAL ARTICLE

Clinical outcome and microbiological findings using antibiotic-loaded spacers in two-stage revision of prosthetic joint infections

Javier Cabo, Gorane Euba, Anna Saborido, María González-Panisello, María Angeles Domínguez, Jose L Agulló, Oscar Murillo, Ricard Verdaguer, Javier Ariza
Journal of Infection 2011, 63 (1): 23-31
21596440

OBJECTIVES: Antibiotic-loaded spacers may improve antimicrobial efficacy in two-stage revision of prosthetic joint infections, but they may also interfere in the course of infection. This prospective study of prosthetic joint infections managed with two-stage revision and antibiotic-loaded spacers (2004-09) analyzes case outcomes and proposes a second-stage culture interpretation scheme.

METHODS: Second-stage infection was diagnosed upon second-stage cultures (synovial membranes, joint fluid, spacers), as either superinfection (≥2 samples, new organism) or persistence (≥1 samples, previously isolated organism). Isolated positive antibiotic-loaded spacers cultures were considered as colonizations.

RESULTS: Of 42 patients, two had two prosthetic infections (n = 44): 25 knees, 19 hips. Spacers contained gentamicin (33), vancomycin (10) and aztreonam (1). Three patients (7%) with wound healing impairment required debridement and spacer exchange. The remainder underwent second-stage surgery as planned: 34 (77%) new arthroplasties, five arthrodeses, one resection arthroplasty and one permanent spacer. Of 18 cases (44%) with ≥1 positive sample, only four (10%) were second-stage infections. Fourteen antibiotic-loaded spacers cultures (34%) were positive. Four new prostheses (9%) supervened further infections: one by the organism isolated in the spacer, three by new bacteria.

CONCLUSIONS: The findings of second-stage cultures show that the surgical site is frequently non-sterile at reimplantation. Isolated positive antibiotic-loaded spacer cultures usually have no clinical consequences, but together with tissue cultures they help to diagnose second-stage infections when clinical signs are absent.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
21596440
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"