JOURNAL ARTICLE

Alpha-lipoic acid inhibits endoplasmic reticulum stress-induced cell death through PI3K/Akt signaling pathway in FRTL5 thyroid cells

S J Lee, S H Kim, J G Kang, C S Kim, S-H Ihm, M G Choi, H J Yoo
Hormone and Metabolic Research 2011, 43 (7): 445-51
21590646
Alpha-lipoic acid (ALA) has been shown to modulate cell death via PI3K/Akt signal pathway in various cells. In the present study, the effects of ALA on cell death and PI3K/Akt signal pathway linked to cell death-related proteins during endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress in FRTL5 thyroid cells were evaluated. In FRTL5 thyroid cells, cell viability increased by ALA pretreatment in tunicamycin (TN)-treated cells. When TN was treated, CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein-homologous protein (CHOP) and Bax protein levels were elevated while Bcl-2 protein levels were reduced. ALA diminished CHOP and Bax protein levels, and augmented Bcl-2 protein levels in TN-treated cells. After exposure to TN, phospho-Akt protein levels were repressed whereas total Akt protein levels were not changed. ALA increased phospho-Akt protein levels but not total Akt protein levels in both non-TN-treated and TN-treated cells. After LY294002 administration in non-TN-treated cells, cell viability was reduced, and CHOP and Bax protein levels were elevated, and Bcl-2 protein levels were reduced. The CHOP, Bcl-2 and Bax protein levels were not different after LY294002 administration in TN-treated cells. LY294002 and wortmannin decreased cell viability, and increased CHOP and Bax protein levels, and decreased Bcl-2 protein levels in ALA-pretreated and TN-treated cells. In conclusion, these results suggest that ER stress may induce cell death by modulating PI3K/Akt signal pathway linked to cell death-related proteins in FRTL5 thyroid cells. Moreover, these findings imply that ALA may ameliorate ER stress-induced cell death by activating PI3K/Akt signal pathway and attenuating changes of cell death-related proteins in FRTL5 thyroid cells.

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