Characterization of a plant-transformation-ready large-insert BIBAC library of Arabidopsis and bombardment transformation of a large-insert BIBAC of the library into tobacco

Yueh-Long Chang, Huey-Wen Chuang, Khalid Meksem, Fang-Chun Wu, Chang-Yee Chang, Meiping Zhang, Hong-Bin Zhang
Genome Génome / Conseil National de Recherches Canada 2011, 54 (6): 437-47
Plant-transformation-ready, large-insert binary bacterial artificial chromosome (BIBAC) libraries are of significance for functional and network analysis of large genomic regions, gene clusters, large-spanning genes, and complex loci in the post-genome era. Here, we report the characterization of a plant-transformation-ready BIBAC library of the sequenced Arabidopsis genome for which such a library is not available to the public, the transformation of a large-insert BIBAC of the library into tobacco by biolistic bombardment, and the expression analysis of its containing genes in transgenic plants. The BIBAC library was constructed from nuclear DNA partially digested with BamHI in the BIBAC vector pCLD04541. It contains 6144 clones and has a mean insert size of 108 kb, representing 5.2× equivalents of the Arabidopsis genome or a probability of greater than 99% of obtaining at least one positive clone from the library using a single-copy sequence as a probe. The transformation of the large-insert BIBAC and analyses of the transgenic plants showed that not only did transgenic plants have intact BIBAC DNA, but also could the BIBAC be transmitted stably into progenies and its containing genes be expressed actively. These results suggest that the large-insert BIBAC library, combined with the biolistic bombardment transformation method, could provide a useful tool for large-scale functional analysis of the Arabidopsis genome sequence and applications in plant-molecular breeding.

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