Inhibition of FOSL1 overexpression in antiestrogen-resistant MCF-7 cells decreases cell growth and increases vacuolization and cell death

Pasi T Pennanen, Nanna S Sarvilinna, Tarja Toimela, Timo J Ylikomi
Steroids 2011, 76 (10-11): 1063-8
Elevated activator protein-1 (AP-1) activity in breast cancer cells has been linked to Tamoxifen (TAM) resistance. Fos-like antigen-1 (FOSL1) is a member of the AP-1 transcription factor and is overexpressed in a variety of human cancers including breast tumors. We have previously established an estrogen-independent and antiestrogen Toremifene (TOR)-resistant subline of MCF-7 breast cancer cells. In these cells, the expression of FOSL1 is upregulated when compared to the parental cells. In the present study, partial inhibition of FOSL1 expression in these cells by small interfering RNA resulted in a marked decrease of cell growth. The inhibition of cell growth paralleled with changes in cell morphology such as increased formation of vacuoles followed by an increase in the number of dead cells. The inhibition of FOSL1 expression in these cells also restored sensitivity to TOR. Our results suggest that chemotherapy targeting overexpression of FOSL1 could be a potent strategy for treating endocrine resistant breast cancers.

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