JOURNAL ARTICLE
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL

Combined anterior vaginal wall mesh with sacrospinous ligament fixation or with posterior intravaginal slingplasty for uterovaginal or vaginal vault prolapse

Pentti K Heinonen, Kari Nieminen
European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology 2011, 157 (2): 230-3
21561703

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate outcomes of anterior vaginal wall mesh augmentation with concomitant sacrospinous ligament fixation (SSLF) or with concomitant posterior intravaginal slingplasty (IVS) for uterovaginal or vaginal vault prolapse.

STUDY DESIGN: Women with symptomatic uterovaginal or vaginal vault prolapse were randomly allocated to SSLF or IVS. All underwent concomitant anterior repair augmented with self-tailored multifilament polypropylene and polyglactin composite mesh. Before and 2, 12, 24 and 36 months after surgery, the outcome was assessed by examination and standard questions. The primary endpoint was anatomic recurrence of pelvic organ prolapse at stage II or beyond (-1 cm or greater) at any site of the vaginal wall. Secondary outcomes included perioperative and postoperative complications, symptom resolution, reoperation and mesh exposure.

RESULTS: Twenty-two women were recruited from March 2003 to December 2005. At 3-year follow-up3 (2 posterior and 1 apical) out of 14 (21%) in the IVS group had anatomic recurrences of pelvic organ prolapse, and 1 anterior out of 8 (13%) in the SSLF group. Severe operative complications or reoperations did not occur. The proportions of symptomatic patients, including those with dyspareunia, did not differ between the groups. Erosion of the anterior multifilament mesh was found in 2 out of 22 cases (9%; 95% CI 3-28%).

CONCLUSION: At 3-year follow-up anterior repair reinforced with a composite mesh with concomitant sacrospinous ligament fixation or with concomitant posterior intravaginal slingplasty allowed feasible support in patients with severe pelvic organ prolapse.

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