RESEARCH SUPPORT, N.I.H., EXTRAMURAL
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Predictive value of pre-plus disease in retinopathy of prematurity.

OBJECTIVES: To investigate prospectively whether the presence of pre-plus disease predicts progression to severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) requiring laser treatment.

METHODS: Posterior retinal video recordings were obtained during 710 indirect ophthalmoscopy examinations of 214 premature infants over a period of 5 years. Two masked experts reviewed short video recordings and determined whether there was plus disease, pre-plus disease, or neither. The primary analysis included results of one examination of the right eye at 33 to 34 weeks' postmenstrual age. The primary outcome was a comparison of the proportion of eyes subsequently requiring laser treatment between the group graded as having pre-plus disease vs the group graded as having neither plus disease nor pre-plus disease.

RESULTS: Of 10 eyes with pre-plus disease at 33 to 34 weeks' postmenstrual age, 7 (70%) subsequently required laser treatment; of 154 eyes without pre-plus disease or plus disease at 33 to 34 weeks' postmenstrual age, 14 (9%) subsequently required laser treatment (risk ratio, 7.7; 95% confidence interval, 4.1-14.8; P < .001). The mean time between the examination diagnosing pre-plus disease and laser treatment was 1.6 weeks (range, 1.0-2.4 weeks). When adjusting for birth weight, gestational age, ROP location (zone), and ROP severity (stage), the presence of pre-plus disease at 33 to 34 weeks' postmenstrual age independently predicted the need for laser treatment (adjusted odds ratio, 7.6; 95% confidence interval, 1.4-42.3; P = .02).

CONCLUSIONS: Pre-plus disease observed early during the course of ROP is strongly associated with the development of severe ROP requiring laser treatment. The diagnosis of pre-plus disease has prognostic value beyond that already provided by birth weight, gestational age, ROP zone, and ROP stage. Eyes with pre-plus disease should be closely observed to allow optimal timing of intervention.

Full text links

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Group 7SearchHeart failure treatmentPapersTopicsCollectionsEffects of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors for the Treatment of Patients With Heart Failure Importance: Only 1 class of glucose-lowering agents-sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors-has been reported to decrease the risk of cardiovascular events primarily by reducingSeptember 1, 2017: JAMA CardiologyAssociations of albuminuria in patients with chronic heart failure: findings in the ALiskiren Observation of heart Failure Treatment study.CONCLUSIONS: Increased UACR is common in patients with heart failure, including non-diabetics. Urinary albumin creatininineJul, 2011: European Journal of Heart FailureRandomized Controlled TrialEffects of Liraglutide on Clinical Stability Among Patients With Advanced Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction: A Randomized Clinical Trial.Review

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Read by QxMD is copyright © 2021 QxMD Software Inc. All rights reserved. By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app