Ocular vestibular evoked myogenic potentials: frequency tuning to air-conducted acoustic stimuli in healthy subjects and Ménière's disease

Stephanie M Winters, Ingvar T B Berg, Wilko Grolman, Sjaak F L Klis
Audiology & Neuro-otology 2012, 17 (1): 12-9
Ocular vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (oVEMP) in response to 250-, 500- and 1000-Hz air-conducted short tone bursts were studied in 22 healthy subjects and 37 Ménière's disease patients. The goal of this study was to investigate normal tuning characteristics of the oVEMP and the possible oVEMP changes with respect to frequency dependence in Ménière's disease. In unilateral Ménière's disease patients, a distinction was made between affected ears and unaffected ears. It was found that in normal subjects, the oVEMP tunes to a stimulus frequency of 500 Hz, with the highest amplitude and lowest threshold at this particular frequency. Generally, Ménière's disease patients showed lower amplitudes and higher thresholds than normal subjects at all 3 stimulus frequencies in both the affected and the unaffected ear. Additionally, for ears affected by Ménière's disease, the best stimulus frequency was 1000 Hz. With the use of this altered tuning for these ears, we tried to find a criterion for distinguishing normal from Ménière's disease ears.

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