Oropharyngeal leak pressure with the laryngeal mask airway Supreme™ at different intracuff pressures: a randomized controlled trial

Lianfeng Zhang, Edwin Seet, Vanita Mehta, Rajeev Subramanyam, Saravanan P Ankichetty, David T Wong, Frances Chung
Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia 2011, 58 (7): 624-629

BACKGROUND: A higher oropharyngeal leak pressure (OLP) is a marker of efficacy and safety when using laryngeal mask airway devices. The new disposable laryngeal mask airway (LMA™) Supreme™ has lower OLP compared with the LMA ProSeal™. Increased intracuff pressure of laryngeal mask airway devices may improve OLP but may result in more postoperative pharyngolaryngeal adverse events. This study was designed to compare the OLP of the LMA Supreme at varying intracuff pressures.

METHODS: One hundred and twenty-three patients were divided randomly into three groups. General anesthesia was standardized using a propofol-fentanyl induction and desflurane in air-oxygen for maintenance. Intracuff pressures of the LMA Supreme were adjusted to 80 cm H(2)O, 60 cm H(2)O, and 40 cm H(2)O according to group allocation. The primary outcome was OLP. Secondary outcomes included postoperative pharyngolaryngeal adverse events and the satisfaction scores of patients and anesthesiologists. The OLP was compared amongst groups using analysis of variance with Bonferroni correction. All reported P values are two-sided.

RESULTS: The OLP with an intracuff pressure of 80 cm H(2)O was significantly higher compared with 60 cm H(2)O and 40 cm H(2)O (26 [6] vs 20 [6] vs 18 [5] cm H(2)O, respectively; P < 0.001). The incidence of postoperative pharyngolaryngeal adverse events (P = 0.6), patient satisfaction scores (P = 0.2), and anesthesiologist satisfaction scores (P = 0.8) were comparable amongst the three groups.

CONCLUSION: An intracuff pressure of 80 cm H(2)O with the LMA Supreme is associated with a higher OLP compared with 60 cm H(2)O or 40 cm H(2)O without a greater incidence of postoperative pharyngolaryngeal adverse events. For a superior glottic seal when using the LMA Supreme, we recommend intracuff pressures up to 80 cm H(2)O.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"