Association of a single nucleotide polymorphism near the interleukin-28B gene with response to hepatitis C therapy in Asian patients

Dong H Sinn, Yu J Kim, Seung-Tae Lee, Geum-Youn Gwak, Moon S Choi, Joon H Lee, Kwang C Koh, Byung C Yoo, Seung W Paik
Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology 2011, 26 (9): 1374-9

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: A single nucleotide polymorphism near the interleukin-28B (IL28B) gene has been shown to predict hepatitis C virus (HCV) treatment response. We aim to determine the role of the IL28B genotype in Asian patients.

METHODS: A total of 118 patients (all Korean, 55 patients with genotype 1 infection and 63 patients with genotype 2 infection) were consecutively enrolled and analyzed.

RESULTS: The sustained virological response (SVR) rate was 74% (87/118), while 26 patients (22%) relapsed and five patients were non-responders (4%). For rs8099917, the frequencies of major homozygotes (TT), heterozygotes (GT), and minor homozygotes (GG) were 0.85, 0.14 and 0.01, respectively. Of the 55 patients with HCV genotype 1 infection, the SVR rate was 67% and 44% (P = 0.19) and the non-response rate was 2% and 22% (P = 0.015) for the major allele and minor or hetero allele, respectively. Of the 63 patients with HCV genotype 2 infection, the SVR rate was 80% and 100% (P = 0.13) and the non-response rate was 4% and 0% (P = 0.55) for major allele and hetero allele, respectively.

CONCLUSIONS: The IL28B genotype may help identify non-responding patients in HCV genotype 1, but not in HCV genotype 2. Because of the high frequency of favorable alleles and the low frequency of non-response, the IL28B polymorphism may play a smaller role in Asian patients.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"