[Pediatric mandibular ameloblastic fibro-odontoma]

A Zehani, N Kourda, A Landolsi, A Adouani, R Zermani, S Ben Jilani
Revue de Stomatologie et de Chirurgie Maxillo-faciale 2011, 112 (3): 187-9

INTRODUCTION: Ameloblastic fibro-odontoma (AFO) is a very rare mixed odontogenic tumor (2% of all odontogenic tumors). It is considered as a non-extensive non-aggressive tumor but recurrence and malignant transformation remain possible. We report a voluminous AFO in a child.

CASE REPORT: A 7-year-old boy presented with a right mandibular and facial swelling. The panoramic radiograph and CT scan revealed a voluminous unilocular radiolucent lesion (10 cm) with an impacted tooth that involved the ramus area and the angle of the right mandible. Enucleation and curettage was performed with a good outcome. There was no recurrence at ten months.

DISCUSSION: This case is exceptional because of the young patient's age, the large tumor diameter, and the good outcome after ten months. This tumor occurs more often in the posterior region of the mandible and is frequently seen in the first two decades of life. The diagnosis is made on radio-clinical data and may be confirmed by histology. A surgical treatment with complete tumor removal is recommended to prevent recurrence.

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