An in vitro investigation on friction generated by ceramic brackets

Simona Tecco, Stefano Teté, Mario Festa, Felice Festa
World Journal of Orthodontics 2010, 11 (4): e133-44

AIM: To compare friction (F) of conventional and ceramic brackets (0.022-inch slot) using a model that tests the sliding of the archwire through 10 aligned brackets.

METHODS: Polycrystalline alumina brackets (PCAs), PCA brackets with a stainless steel slot (PCA-M), and monocrystalline sapphire brackets (MCS) were tested under elastic ligatures using various archwires in dry and wet (saliva) states. Conventional stainless steel brackets were used as controls.

RESULTS: In both dry and wet states, PCA and MCS brackets expressed a statistically significant higher F value with respect to stainless steel and PCA-M brackets when combined with the rectangular archwires (P<.01). PCA brackets showed significantly higher friction than MCS brackets (P<.01) when coupled with 0.014 x 0.025-inch nickel-titanium (Ni-Ti) archwire. SEM analysis showed differences in the surfaces among stainless steel, MCS, PCA-M, and PCA brackets. In the wet state, the mean F values were generally higher than in the dry state.

CONCLUSION: PCA brackets showed significantly higher F than MCS brackets only when combined with 0.014 x 0.025-inch Ni-Ti archwires. Thus, in this study, a 10 aligned-brackets study model showed similar results when compared to a single bracket system except for friction level with 0.014 × 0.025-inch Ni-Ti archwires.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"