Relationship between peripheral muscle structure and function in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease with different nutritional status

Carla Malaguti, Lara M Napolis, Débora Villaça, José A Neder, Luiz E Nery, Simone Dal Corso
Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 2011, 25 (7): 1795-803
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships between peripheral muscle structure (mass) and function (strength, endurance, and maximal aerobic capacity) in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) with different nutritional states. Thirty-nine patients (31 male) with moderate-severe COPD (63.5 ± 7.3 [SD] years) and 17 controls (14 male; 64.7 ± 5.5 [SD] years) underwent isokinetic (peak torque [PT]), isometric (isometric torque [IT]), and endurance strength (total work [TW]) measurements of the knee extensor muscles and a maximal cardiopulmonary exercise test to evaluate the maximal aerobic capacity (peak oxygen uptake [VO(2)] peak). Muscle mass (MM) was determined using dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry. Patients with COPD presented with reduced muscle function as compared with the healthy controls: PT (105.9 ± 33.9 vs. 134.3 ± 30.9, N·m(-1), respectively, p < 0.05), TW (1,446.3 ± 550.8 vs. 1,792.9 ± 469.1 kJ, respectively, p < 0.05), and VO(2)peak (68.1 ± 15.1 vs. 93.7 ± 14.5, % pred, respectively, p < 0.05). Significant relationships were found between muscle structure and function (strength and endurance) in the patient subgroup with preserved MM and in the control group: PT·MM(r(2) = 0.36; p = 0.01 vs. r(2) = 0.32; p = 0.01, respectively) and TW·MM (r(2) = 0.32; p = 0.01 vs. r(2) = 0.22; p = 0.05, respectively). Strength corrected for mass normalized this function in both patient subgroups, whereas endurance was normalized only in the patient subgroup without muscle depletion. Maximal aerobic capacity remained reduced, despite the correction, in both patient subgroups (depleted or nondepleted) compared with the healthy controls (VO(2)peak.MM: 9.1 ± 3.7 vs. 21.8 ± 4.9 vs. 28.5 ± 4.2 ml·min·kg, respectively, with p < 0.01 among groups). Muscle atrophy seems to be the main determinant of strength reduction among patients with moderate-severe COPD, whereas endurance reduction seems to be more related to imbalance between oxygen delivery and consumption than to the local muscle structure itself. Peripheral MM did not constitute a good predictor for maximal aerobic capacity in this population. The main practical application of this study is to point out a crucial role for the strategies able to ameliorate cardiorespiratory and muscular fitness in patients with COPD, even in those patients with preserved MM.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"